About Dr Bode

Retired anesthesiologist. Little league shortstop and team MVP 1956, Newspaper delivery boy of the year at Long Beach Press Telegram 1959. St. Anthony High School Valedictorian 1964. Long Beach State University, Certificate of Excellence in General Chemistry. Long Beach State golf team 1967 - 1968. Graduate, UCLA School of Medicine 1972. Club Champion at Stevens Point Country Club, Wisconsin 1977. Chairman Department of Anesthesia, St. Michael's Hospital, Stevens Point, WI. Certified ACLS Instructor. President, Mendocino Lake County Medical Society 2002 - 2003. Disabled due to phlebitis with palpitations and arrhythmias 2005. Cardiovascular research 2005 to present. Member, American Heart Association, Heart Rhythm Society, California Society of Anesthesiologist, American Society of Anesthesiologists. President Willits Garden Club 2013 - 2015, Director, 2015 - 2017 Mendo-Lake District Garden Clubs

Lake County Sheriff’s Deputy dies following crash

A Lake County sheriff’s deputy known for his charisma and ability to mentor new deputies died Tuesday night after apparently suffering a medical emergency and crashing his patrol vehicle, according to the Sheriff’s Office.

Prior to the 8:35 p.m. crash, Deputy Robert Rumfelt, 50, had helped arrest a man who’d fought with deputies, said Lake County Sheriff Brian Martin. After Rumfelt left the Lakeport call, he drove off a nearby road and hit a tree.

He was taken to Sutter Lakeside Hospital and died from his injuries.

Rumfelt, known as “Rob,” was a lifelong Lake County resident and member of a prominent Lake County family. He was a veteran of the U.S. Marine Corps and an assistant football coach at Clear Lake High School.

Brothers Jack and Bob Senske – die weeks apart

By Tim Grobaty, Long Beach Press Telegram

They were stars from the old days at St. Anthony, the 1940s and 1950s: Jack Senske, one of the key players of the 1949 Saints football team that won the CIF championship, with B.I. Mais and Johnny Olszewski, and his youngest brother Bob, who excelled in baseball, golf and sailing.

Jack and Bob Senske

Jack and Bob Senske

Jack died on Aug. 11 after a lengthy battle with Alzheimer’s. He was 86. Bob died suddenly on Wednesday from a heart attack suffered after knee surgery. He was 80.

Mais recalls the early 1940s when he and Jack Senske would roam the wild and open west side of Long Beach around the alphabetized streets east of Santa Fe. There were large fields of strawberries and vegetables, a turkey farm, and pastures of cows and horses. Above it all were barrage balloons tethered nearby the oil fields to protect the Texaco refinery from aerial attack by the Japanese.

The Senskes lived on Baltic Avenue, the Maises two blocks away on Delta Avenue. “Jack was the oldest, and his three younger brothers all wanted to be like him, so we all hung out together,” said Mais. “We spent a lot of time at Silverado Park playing sports.”

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Hans Adolf Krebs

From Wikipedia

Sir Hans Adolf Krebs (English /krɛbz/ or /krɛps/) (25 August 1900 – 22 November 1981) was a German-born British physician and biochemist. He was the pioneer scientist in study of cellular respiration, a biochemical pathway in cells for production of energy. He is best known for his discoveries of two important chemical reactions in the body, namely the urea cycle and the citric acid cycle. The latter, the key sequence of metabolic reactions that produces energy in cells, often eponymously known as the “Krebs cycle”, earned him a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953. With Hans Kornberg, he also discovered the glyoxylate cycle, which is a slight variation of the citric acid cycle found in plants, bacteria, protists, and fungi.

Biography

Early life and education

Sir Hans Adolf Krebs

Sir Hans Adolf Krebs

Krebs was born in Hildesheim, Germany, to Georg Krebs, an ear, nose, and throat surgeon, and Alma Krebs (née Davidson). He was the middle of three children, older sister Elisabeth and younger brother Wolfgang. He attended the famous old Gymnasium Andreanum in his home town. Before completing his secondary school education (by six months) he was conscripted into the Imperial German Army in September 1918, during World War I. He was allowed to appear in an emergency examination for the higher school leaving certificate, which he passed in such a good grade that he suspected the examiners of being “unduly lenient and sympathetic”. The war ended after two months and his conscription ended. He decided to follow his father’s profession and entered the University of Göttingen in December 1918 to study medicine. In 1919 he transferred to the University of Freiburg. In 1923 he published his first technical paper on tissue staining technique, the study which he started under the guidance of his teacher Wilhelm von Mollendorf in 1920. He completed his medical course in December 1923. To obtain a medical licence he spent one year at the Third Medical Clinic in the University of Berlin. By then he turned his ambition from becoming a practicing physician to medical researcher, particularly towards chemistry. In 1924 he studied at the Department of Chemistry at the Pathological Institute of the Charité Hospital, Berlin, for informal training in chemistry and biochemistry. He finally earned his M.D. degree in 1925 from the University of Hamburg. Continue reading “Hans Adolf Krebs” »

Cardiac cycle

From Wikipedia

The cardiac cycle refers to the sequence of mechanical and electrical events that repeats with every heartbeat. It includes the phase of relaxation diastole and the phase of contraction systole. The human heart being a four chambered organ, thus there are atrial systole, atrial diastole, ventricular systole and ventricular diastole. The frequency of the cardiac cycle is described by the heart rate, which is typically expressed as beats per minute. Each cycle of the heart, from the point of view of the ventricles and the status of their valves, involves a minimum of four major stages: Inflow phase, Isovolumetric contraction, outflow phase and Isovolumetric relaxation.

The first and the fourth stages, together constitute the “ventricular diastole” stage, involve the movement of blood from the atria into the ventricles. Stages 2 and 3 involve the “ventricular systole” i.e. the movement of blood from the ventricles to the pulmonary artery (in the case of the right ventricle) and the aorta (in the case of the left ventricle).

“Ventricular diastole,” begins when the ventricles starts to relax. At this point, some blood of the previous cycle’s systole is still flowing out of the ventricles through the semilunar valves, due to the inertia of the moving blood column, which overcomes the higher pressure in the aorta/pulmonary trunk with respect to the pressure in the ventricles. This short lasting phase, called “protodiastole” ends with the closure of the semilunar valves, producing the second heart sound (S2). Now that both the AV valves and the semilunar valves are closed, the ventricles are now closed chambers. Hence, this phase is known as isovolumetric (also called isovolumic, isometric) relaxation phase. Then the atrioventricular (AV) valves (the mitral valve and the tricuspid valve) open, allowing blood to fill the ventricles. This ventricular inflow phase can be sub-divided into the ‘first rapid filling phase’ as blood rushes in from the atria as a result of ventricular dilation; a phase of slow ventricular filling called ‘Diastasis’, and the ‘last rapid filling phase’ due to atrial contraction (systole).

As the ventricular systole begins, pressure within the ventricle rises and the AV valve closes producing the ‘first heart sound’ (S1). The semilunar valves remain closed. The contracting ventricles become closed chambers again and this phase is termed as “isovolumic contraction”. As the name implies, there is no change in volume, but intra-ventricular pressure rises. The outflow phase, “ventricular ejection,” is when the intra-ventricular pressure has achieved a higher pressure than the blood in the aorta (or the pulmonary trunk), the corresponding semilunar valves open. Ejection phase begins.

Throughout the cardiac cycle, blood pressure increases and decreases. The cardiac cycle is coordinated by a series of electrical impulses that are produced by specialised pacemaker cells found within the sinoatrial node and the atrioventricular node. The cardiac muscle is composed of myocytes which initiate their own contraction without the help of external nerves (with the exception of modifying the heart rate due to metabolic demand). The duration of the cardiac cycle is the reciprocal of heart rate. Assuming a heart rate of 75 beats per minute, each cycle takes 0.8 seconds.

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Post hoc ergo propter hoc

From Wikipedia

Post hoc ergo propter hoc (Latin: “after this, therefore because of this”) is a logical fallacy (of the questionable cause variety) that states “Since event Y followed event X, event Y must have been caused by event X.” It is often shortened to simply post hoc fallacy. It is subtly different from the fallacy cum hoc ergo propter hoc (“with this, therefore because of this”), in which two things or events occur simultaneously or the chronological ordering is insignificant or unknown. Post hoc is a particularly tempting error because temporal sequence appears to be integral to causality. The fallacy lies in coming to a conclusion based solely on the order of events, rather than taking into account other factors that might rule out the connection.

he following is a simple example:

The rooster crows immediately before sunrise;
therefore the rooster causes the sun to rise.

Pattern

The form of the post hoc fallacy can be expressed as follows:

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